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Clear Floor Area for Wheeled Mobility: Redefining the ‘common wheelchair’

Clear Floor Area for Wheeled Mobility: Redefining the ‘common wheelchair’
Clive D’Souza, Edward Steinfeld, Victor Paquet, Jonathan White
IDeA Center, University at Buffalo

 

Abstract: The clear floor area for wheeled mobility represents the minimum floor area required by users of wheeled mobility devices to access elements in the built environment as well as for determining the size of spaces designated for wheeled mobility users (such as on buses, seating areas in movie theaters & sports stadiums). The clear floor area width dimension also informs the minimum clearance width for successful passage through corridors, doorways and wheelchair ramps.

 

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References

Accessibility Standards Documents

Australian Standard, 2001. AS1428.1-2001 Design for access and mobility-Part 1: general requirements for access-new building work. Sydney, Australia: Standards Australia International.

Australian Standard, 1992. AS1428.2-1992 Design for access and mobility-Part 2: enhanced and additional requirements-buildings and facilities. Sydney, Australia: Standards Australia International.

British Standards Institution, 2001. BS8300:2001 Design of buildings and their approaches to meet the needs of disabled people-Code of practice. London, U.K.: BSI.

Canadian Standards Association, 2004. CAN/CSA B651-04 accessible design for the built environment standard. Mississauga, Ontario, Canada: Canadian Standards Association.

International Code Council/American National Standards Institute, 2003. ICC/ANSI A117.1-2003, Accessible and usable buildings and facilities. International Code Council, New York.

U.S. Access Board, 2004. Americans with Disabilities Act and Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Access Board. Retrieved February 17, 2010, from http://access-board.gov/ada-aba/index.htm.

 

Anthropometry Research Studies

Bails, J.H., 1983. Project report on the field testing of the Australian standard 1428-1977 part 1-Recommended amendments and index to part 2 detailed reports. Adelaide South Australia, Public Buildings Department.

Bails, J.H., 1983. Project report on the field testing of the Australian standard 1428-1977 part 2-Details of field testing of AS1428. Adelaide South Australia, Public Buildings Department.

Ringaert, L., Rapson, D., Qui, J., Cooper, J., and Shwedyk, E., 2001. Determination of new dimensions for universal design codes and standards with consideration of powered wheelchair and scooter users. Manitoba, CA: Universal Design Institute.

Seeger, B., Costi, J., and Hartridge, M., 1994. Final report of consultancy on wheelchair user requirements for the National Accessible Transport Committee Commonwealth Department of Transport. Kilkenny, South Australia: Regency Park Centre for Young Disabled.

Stait, R.E., Stone, J., and Savill, T.A., 2000. A survey of occupied wheelchairs to determine their overall dimensions and weight: 1999 survey. Berkshire, U.K.: TRL Limited.

Hitchcock, D., Hussey, M., Burchill, S. and Galley, M., 2006. A Survey of Occupied Wheelchairs and Scooters: Conducted in 2005. Leicestershire, UK: Centre for Employment and Disadvantage Studies.

 

Relevant IDEA Center Publications

D'Souza, C., Steinfeld, E., Paquet, V., Feathers, D., 2010. Space requirements for wheeled mobility devices in public transportation: An analysis of clear floor space requirements. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, In press.

Paquet, V. and Feathers, D., 2004. An anthropometric study of manual and powered wheelchair users. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 33(3); 191 - 204.

Steinfeld, E., D'Souza, C., Maisel, J., 2010a. Clear Floor Space For Contemporary Wheeled Mobility Users. In Proceedings of 12th International Conference on Mobility and Transport for Elderly and Disabled Persons (TRANSED 2010), Hong Kong.

Steinfeld, E., D'Souza, C., Paquet, V., White, J., 2010b. Clear floor area for wheeled mobility users. In Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics, 2010 AHFE International, Miami, Florida, Taylor and Francis, Ltd.

Steinfeld, E., Maisel, J., Feathers, D., D'Souza, C., 2010c. Anthropometry and Standards for Wheeled Mobility: An International Comparison. Assistive Technology 22 (1), 51-67.

Steinfeld, E., Maisel, J., Feathers, D., D'Souza, C., 2010d. Standards and anthropometry for wheeled mobility. Buffalo: NY: IDEA Center.

Steinfeld, E., Paquet, V., Feathers, D., 2004. Space requirements for wheeled mobility devices. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 48th Annual Meeting.

 

Relevant Design Resources

DR #16: Clear floor area for wheeled mobility when reaching or grasping

DR #17: Knee and toe clearances for wheeled mobility users