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Vision Aspects of Universal Design

Vision Aspects of Universal Design
Graham Strong, PhD
School of Optometry, University of Waterloo


Abstract: Some measurable degree of vision loss is an inevitable consequence of aging and many diseases that cause greater levels of vision loss become more prevalent as people get older. With the aging of the baby boomer generation, the number of people suffering from untreatable vision loss is steadily increasing, posing a significant challenge for UD adherents. In order to respond to this challenge, UD designers must understand the common functional consequences of vision loss in the elderly (Haegerstrom-Portnoy, 2005).


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Haegerstrom-Portnoy G (2005) The Glenn A. Fry Award Lecture 2003: Vision in elders—summary of findings of the SKI study, Optometry and Vision Science. 82:87–93.

Hill SG and Kroemer KHE (1986) Preferred declination and the line of sight. Human Factors 28 (2):127-134.

West CG, Gildengorin G, Haegerstrom-Portnoy G, Schneck M, Lott L. Brabyn J, (2002) Is Vision Function Related to Physical Functional Ability in Older Adults? Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 50(1):136 – 145.